Like most Spanish, Cordobans, as what the people in Cordoba are commonly called, are warm and fun-loving individuals. Aside from enjoying the party scene and celebrations, these people are also known for their enthusiasm in learning and wisdom. As proof of this, a number of famous religious scholars and philosophers came from the city. Two of whom were Seneca and Ibn Hazm.


Lucius Annaeus Seneca or simply Seneca was a well-known dramatist, statesman, and Roman Stoic philosopher. Once an advisor and tutor to then emperor Nero, his works have been favoured well by the early Christian Church. Church leader, Tertullian even referred to him as “Our Seneca”. Among the works attributed to Seneca were more than one hundred letters that tackle moral issues, a dozen of philosophical essays, nine tragedies, a meteorological essay, and a satire.

Ibn Hazm

Abu Mu?ammad ‘Ali ibn A?mad ibn Sa’id ibn ?azm was an Andalusian philosopher, psychologist, jurist, theorist, and Muslim theologian during the classical Islamic times. Born into a notable family, Ibn Hazm was among the brains of the Zahiri School of Islamic Thought which was reported to have produced 400 works. The works encompass topics on Islamic logic, jurisprudence, history, comparative religion, theology, and ethics.

Aside from philosophers and scholars, the Cordobans also excelled in the field of arts. Among them were poets, Lucan and Juan de Mena, and flamenco artist Paco Peña.


Marcus Annaeus Lucanus, known in English simply as Lucan, was a known Roman poet. Despite living a short life, Lucan is still regarded as among the Silver Latin period’s most outstanding figures. The Cordoban’s speed of composition, aside from his youth, has set him apart from the many poets that time.

Juan de Mena

Born in Cordoba in 1411, Juan de Mena was one of fifteenth century’s most important Spanish poets. Appointed as the secretary of Latin letters by Juan II de Castilla, de Mena’s works was influenced by the Renaissance humanism. Thus, his works were placed during the time when Spain is having its transition from Middle Ages to the Renaissance.

Paco Peña

A Spanish flamenco guitarist, Paco Peña is regarded as one of world’s important traditional flamenco players. As the creator of Cordoba’s Centro Flamenco Paco Peña, the artist was responsible for the city’s annual Córdoba Guitar Festival. The festival has been a venue for seeing great flamenco artists perform in one stage.

From philosophers, scholars, and artists, tourists can expect the Cordobans to be no-nonsense people. Expect an experience full of fun and meaning as you get to know and get along with these locals.